Having a baby is a moment of joy and celebration for humans. Preparations are done in anticipation of his/her arrival, clothes are bought, names are discussed and most of all parents cannot wait to have their baby in their arms. Having a baby is truly one of big blessings of Allah. In this article, we are going to compile the Islamic rituals proven through the sunnah which are to be performed once the baby comes into this world.
Tehneek is putting a little bit of something (naturally) sweet in new-born’s mouth. For example: honey or chewed date. It is also called ‘ghutti’ in some cultures.
It was reported that Abu Moosa said: “I had a baby boy, and I brought him to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). He named him Ibraaheem, did Tahneek with some dates and prayed for Allah to bless him, then he gave him back to me.”Bukhari, 5150; Muslim, 2145
Adhaan in Ear of Newborn
The first words baby hears after coming into this world should be the words of Allah and the lesson of tawheed. For this purpose adhaan should be recited in the ear of the new born.
Abu Rafi’ (radiyallahu ‘anhu) reports: “I saw Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) giving the adhan which is called at the time of Salah in the ears of Sayyiduna Hasan ibn ‘Ali (radiyallahu ‘anhuma) when Sayyidatuna Fathima (radiyallahu ‘anha) gave birth to him.Tirmdhi, Hadith: 1514 and Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith: 5105
Baby can be named as soon as he is born or on the seventh day. Both practises were followed by Prophet peace be upon him in his life.
It was reported that Anas ibn Malik said: the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “A boy was born to me this night and I have named him with the name of my father Ibrahim.”Muslim, 3126
Aa’ishah said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did ‘aqeeqah for al-Hasan and al-Husayn on the seventh day, and gave them their names.Ibn Hibbaan, 12/127; al-Haakim, 4/264
Aqeeqah refers to an animal being slaughtered on behalf of the baby. This should be done on or before 7th day. If due to any reason it cannot be done on 7th day then it can be done after that.
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Every child is held in pledge for his ‘aqeeqah, which should be slaughtered on his behalf on the seventh day…”Abu Dawood, 2838
Two sheep/goats should be slaughtered for a baby boy and for baby girl one sheep should be slaughtered.
It was narrated from Umm Karaz that she asked the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) about ‘aqeeqah, and he said: “For a boy, two sheep, and for a female one sheep, and it does not matter if it is male or female.”Tirmidhi, 1516
It was narrated from ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) commanded them (to slaughter) two sheep of similar type for a boy and one sheep for a girl.Tirmidhi, 1513
Head shaving & Charity
It is from the sunnah to shave the head of a new-born baby and then give in charity the silver equal to the weight of the hair. We can also give money equal to the value of the silver.
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Every child is held in pledge for his ‘aqeeqah, which should be slaughtered on his behalf on the seventh day, and he should be shaved and given his name.”Abu Dawood, 2838
Narrated Muhammad bin ‘Ali bin Al-Husain: That Ali bin Abi Talib said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) had the ‘Aqiqah for Al-Hasan with one sheep, and said: ‘O Fatimah! Shave his head and give the weight of his hair in silver as charity.'” He said: “So I weighed it, and it was the weight of a Dirham or a bit of a Dirham.”Tirmidhi 1519
Circumcision of a male is a part of Islam and is encouraged. Circumcision refers to removal of foreskin from the male organ.
“The fitrah is five things – or five things are part of the fitrah – circumcision, shaving the pubes, plucking the armpit hairs, cutting the nails, and trimming the moustache.”Bukhaari 5889 and Muslim 257
Circumcision of a baby is mentioned in the following hadeeth.
It was reported from Salmaan ibn ‘Aamir (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “For the boy there should be an ‘aqeeqah. Slaughter (an animal) for him and remove the harmful thing [i.e., the foreskin] from him.”Tirmidhi, 1515; Nasaa’i, 4214; Abu Dawood, 2839; Ibn Majah