Many people have questions about what is Zakat-ul-fitr. For ease, we have compiled all the information regarding it.
What is Zakat-ul-Fitr?
Zakat-tul-Fitr is a form of charity given to the needy on Eid ul Fitr (before Eid prayer). The purpose of this charity is to help the people who otherwise might not be able to afford the necessities. This helps everyone to come together in the spirit of Eid and share their blessings.
Prophet PBUH Enjoined Zakat ul Fitr
Ibn ’Abbas (RAA) narrated, ‘The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) enjoined Zakat-ul-Fitr on the one who fasts (i.e. fasted during the month of Ramadan) to purify him from any indecent act or speech and for the purpose of providing food for the needy. It is accepted as Zakah for the person who pays it before the Eid prayer, and it is Sadaqah (i.e. voluntary charity) for the person who pays it after the Eid prayer.’
When should it be given?
Narrated Ibn `Umar: The Prophet (ﷺ) ordered the people to pay Zakat-ul-Fitr before going to the `Id prayer.
The purpose of fitrana is to share the joy of Eid. It can be given one or two days before Eid or before Eid prayer. It cannot be given after Eid prayer. If someone does so, it will be counted as a general charity, not zakat-ul-fitr.
Also Read: Giving Makes You Happier and Healthier
How much is Zakat-ul-Fitr/Fitrana?
Narrated Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri: In the lifetime of the Prophet (ﷺ) we used to give one Saa’ of food or one Sa’ of dates or one Saa’ of barley or one Saa’ of Raisins (dried grapes) as Sadaqat-ul-Fitr…Sahih al-Bukhari 1508
In the times of Prophet, it was one saa’ of food. Food can be anything like dates, raisins, barley or wheat. Scholars say it can be the staple food of the country one is living in for example if rice is a staple in your country, you can give rice too.
What is one saa’ according to today’s measures?
Saa’ is the ancient measure of volume from Islamic World. means 4 complete scoops done with both hands.
In Modern units
According to calculations:
On Saa’ = 3 kg (approx.)
There is some difference in scholars with regards to exact weight but most of the calculations fall around 3kg.
Giving Money Instead of Food
You can also give an equivalent amount of money to the amount of fitrana you have to give, but then again according to some people of knowledge, it is better to give food.
Who must give Zakat ul Fitr?
Ibn Umar said that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) prescribed the payment of Zakat-ul-Fitr (on breaking the fast) of Ramadan for people, for every freeman, or slave, male and female among the Muslims-one saa’ of dried dates, or one saa’ of barley.
Everyone who can afford should give it. It should be given from the head of the household from all the members whether male, female, slave, free, or child.